Deal in lawsuit

Yale agrees to return Machu Picchu artefacts to Peru

Yale University has agreed to return thousands of artefacts to Peru taken away from the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu nearly a century ago.

The artefacts had been at the centre of a bitter dispute for years, with Peru filing a lawsuit in the US against the school.

Alan Garcia, Peru's president, said the government reached a deal with Yale for the university to begin sending back more than 4,000 objects, including pottery, textiles and bones, early in 2011 after an inventory of the pieces is completed.

He said the agreement came after Yale's representative, former Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo, came to Peru for talks on resolving the fight.

"We are very pleased that Yale University has responded so positively," Garcia said at the Government Palace.

Mr Garcia quoted Mr Zedillo as saying Yale decided to return "all goods, pieces and parts" that were taken from Machu Picchu by scholar Hiram Bingham III between 1911 and 1915.

In a statement, the university said it "is very pleased with the positive developments in the discussions" with Peru.

"It has always been Yale's desire to reach an agreement that honours Peru's rich history and cultural heritage and recognises the world's interest in ongoing public and scholarly access to that heritage," the statement said.

The Machu Picchu ruins, sitting 8,000 feet above sea level on an Andean mountaintop, are Peru's main tourist attraction. The complex of stone buildings was built in the 1400s by the Inca empire that ruled Peru before the arrival of the Spaniards in the 16th century.

Peru has been seeking for years to get the artefacts back. It says they include centuries-old Incan materials, including bronze, gold and other metal objects, mummies, skulls, bones and other human remains, pottery, utensils, ceramics and objects of art.

Peru filed suit against Yale in 2008 arguing that the university violated Peruvian law by exporting the artefacts without getting special permission from the Peruvian government and by refusing to return them.

Yale responded that it returned dozens of boxes of artefacts in 1921 and that Peru knew the university would retain other pieces. Yale described the artefacts as "primarily fragments of ceramic, metal and bone" and said it re-created some objects from fragments.

In 2007, the two sides agreed to give Peru legal title to the artefacts. Under that deal, the pieces were to travel in a joint exhibit and then be sent to a museum and research centre in Peru's ancient Incan capital of Cuzco. Yale would have paid for the travelling exhibit and partially funded the museum.

But Peru backed out of the deal because of a dispute over how many artefacts were to be returned.

(Published by Telegraph - November 22, 2010)

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