October 28, 2015 nº 1,688 - Vol. 13
 

"When the eagles are silent, the parrots begin to jabber."

Winston Churchill

Read Migalhas LatinoAmérica in Spanish every Tuesday and Thursday. Visit the website at www.migalhas.com/latinoamerica

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  • Top News

Senate passes bill to help tackle hackers

The US Senate comfortably passed a controversial cyber security bill on Tuesday, bringing legislation about sharing information on hacking threats to the verge of approval after six years of intense debate in Congress. Motivated in part by the spate of high-profile cyber attacks in recent months which have hit private companies and the US government, the Senate voted 74 to 21 in favor of the bill which sets up a legal framework for companies and the government to swap data about intrusions on their systems. The bill, which has been one of the Obama administration's priorities, must now be reconciled with a separate piece of legislation that was passed by the House of Representatives earlier this year. The White House has indicated that it will work to change some of the language in the Senate bill during the reconciliation process.

Migrant crisis threatens EU cohesion

The president of the European Council has warned that the migrant crisis could threaten the cohesion of the EU. Donald Tusk told the European Parliament the challenge was the biggest the EU had faced for a decade. "This challenge has the potential to... cause tectonic changes in the European political landscape," he said. "These are not changes for the better." Meanwhile Parliament President Martin Schulz accused European governments of putting national interests above finding solutions as a community. The UN's refugee agency (UNHCR) says more than 700,000 migrants have reached Europe by boat so far this year. EU leaders have exchanged angry accusations as authorities struggle to cope with the thousands of new arrivals, many of them refugees from Syria and other conflict zones.

Abbott tells Europe to close borders

Former Australia PM Tony Abbott has said Europe should follow Australia and close its borders to migrants fleeing Middle Eastern conflicts. He said "misguided altruism" was "leading much of Europe into catastrophic error". Under Abbott, Australia introduced border controls that stopped migrant boats reaching the country. "There are tens - perhaps hundreds - of millions of people, living in poverty and danger who might readily seek to enter a Western country if the opportunity if there," Abbott said. "Who could blame them? Yet no country or continent can open its borders to all comers without fundamentally weakening itself."

UN warns of counter-terrorism measures used to restrict public interest groups

UN Special Rapporteur on counter-terrorism and human rights Ben Emmerson expressed concern Monday over the rising use of counter-terrorism measures around the world. Many nations have used counter-terrorism as an excuse to restrict public assembly and stop the activities of public interest groups, Emmerson said. He urged UN states to recognize the positive activities performed by these groups, such as promoting human rights, giving a voice to marginalized people and providing humanitarian relief.

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  • MiMIC Journal

China says US warship's Spratly islands passage 'illegal'

Chinese officials have condemned a US ship's passage near disputed islands in the South China Sea as "illegal" and a threat to their country's sovereignty. The guided-missile destroyer USS Lassen breached the 12-nautical mile zone China claims around Subi and Mischief reefs in the Spratly archipelago. The US has confirmed the operation took place, apparently as part of its Freedom of Navigation program. The operation is a challenge to China's claims over the artificial islands.

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  • Historia Verdadera

Jaguar

México perdió ante Eslovaquia una inversión por 2,000 millones de dólares para la construcción de una planta de autos de lujo de Jaguar Land Rover, filial de la empresa india Tata Motors. (Presione aquí)

Invirtiendo en Bolivia

Dos empresas internacionales y otras canadienses y americanas vinculadas a la japonesa Sumitomo expresaron interés en proyectos mineros presentados en el foro "Invirtiendo en la nueva Bolivia", donde fueron concretadas 34 reuniones en diferentes rubros de interés, informó el ministro de Minería, César Navarro. (Presione aquí)

  • Brief News

Judge questions legal authority to force Apple to unlock iphones

A federal judge raised concerns at a hearing Monday about how much legal authority the government has to compel Apple Inc. to unlock a criminal suspect's iPhone and access the user's data.

EU accelerates US talks to clinch new Trans-Atlantic Data Pact

The European Union stepped up the pace of talks with the US toward a new trans-Atlantic data agreement after the EU's top court said an earlier pact allowed mass access by US spies on European citizens' private details. "We have not been dragging our feet: We have immediately resumed discussions with our American counterparts and already had several meetings at technical level," EU Justice Commissioner Vera Jourova told EU lawmakers Monday night in Strasbourg, France. "These discussions are not easy, but I am confident that by mid-November," when she travels to the US, "we should already have seen progress," Jourova said. The EU Court of Justice on Oct. 6 said the so-called Safe Harbor accord that allowed American companies to move commercial data from Europe to the US was invalid because it compromised the privacy of EU citizens and their right to challenge the use of their information. The case was triggered by an Austrian law student who had complained to the Irish data privacy watchdog that the accord allowed US security services to get unfettered access to Facebook Inc. customer information once it's sent to the US "The biggest challenge" for the EU-US talks now is how to put "sufficient limitations and safeguards in place to prevent access or use of personal data on a 'generalized basis' and to ensure that there is sufficient judicial control," Jourova said.

US signals shift in Syria-Iraq campaign against Islamic State

The US has indicated a shift in its campaign against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria, including the use of direct ground raids. Defense Secretary Ash Carter said there would also be more air strikes against "high-value targets". Observers say his comments reflect acknowledgment of the lack of progress in defeating the militant group. Separately, the US says Iran is being asked for the first time to international talks over Syria's war.

Supreme Court asked to rule on health care 'origination clause' issue

The Pacific Legal Foundation (PLF) filed a petition writ of certiorari on Monday asking the US Supreme Court to hear their case challenging the Affordable Care Act (ACA) under Article 1, Section 7 of the Constitution. PLF claims that because the bill introducing the ACA was introduced in the Senate, it goes against the "Origination Clause" in Article 1 of the Constitution, which states, "All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives." Timothy Sandefur, the principal attorney on the case, stated in a press release Monday: “Obamacare raises taxes by hundreds of billions of dollars, but it was enacted in violation of the Origination Clause, which was designed to safeguard against arbitrary and reckless taxation. Obamacare was unveiled in the Senate, even though the Origination Clause requires taxes to start in the House, the body closest to the people.” Plaintiff Matt Sissel is an Iraqi war veteran and small business owner who pays medical expenses on his own and began the case in hopes of maintaining that practice. The district court originally dismissed the claim in June 2013, and an appeal heard by a panel of judges from the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit affirmed the dismissal in July 2014. Most recently, the appeals court denied a petition for rehearing en banc in August of this year.

ICC urges India to arrest Sudan president

The International Criminal Court is urging India to arrest Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir when he visits the country this week. The office of Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda said that even though India is not an ICC signatory, the UN Security Council has lifted Bashir's immunity and urged all states comply. Bashir is accused of a wide array of crimes against humanity including genocide and other war crimes.

Mobile phones: Data roaming charges will be abolished

Extra costs of using a mobile phone in countries across the EU are to be scrapped, MEPs have agreed, after years of negotiations. The ban on data roaming charges from 15 June 2017 has received a final green light in the European Parliament. Roaming charges are added by mobile operators for calls, texts and internet browsing when phone users are abroad. An interim cap on charges will take effect from 30 April next year, prior to the full ban across the EU.

Dominican Republic demands French pilots' extradition

The Dominican Republic says it will seek the extradition of two French pilots who fled the country after being convicted of drug trafficking. Arrested in 2013, the pilots were sentenced to 20 years in prison after police found 26 suitcases on their plane stuffed with 680kg (1,500lb) of cocaine. They fled the country after being released from prison while on appeal. Speaking in Paris, their lawyer denied they were fleeing justice. But Dominican Attorney General Francisco Dominguez Brito said his office was in contact with the French authorities "to determine how they escaped the country, and their accomplices".

Areva's india nuclear Plans Await More Clarity on Liability Laws

Areva SA is seeking further clarity from India on its nuclear liability law before the French company can move ahead with its plan to build the South Asian nation's biggest nuclear plant. The Indian government has "taken some measures to address concerns of suppliers," Manju Gupta, president of Areva India Pvt. said in an interview in Mumbai. "However, details are yet to come out. We don't have clarity on how these concerns will be addressed and how it will translate into economic and legal impact." India's efforts to boost its nuclear power capacity more than 10-fold by 2032 have been stymied by rules that leave suppliers liable for accidents, and resolving the issue is key to equipment makers. General Electric Co. won't risk building a nuclear plant in the country, Chairman Jeffrey Immelt told reporters in India last month, citing the liability issues.

San Francisco to vote on requiring CCTV for gun sales

The San Francisco Board of Supervisors is set to vote on an ordinance requiring CCTV recording for all gun and ammunition sales. City leaders hope the footage would aid criminal investigations. The ordinance would require shops to submit a weekly report to police detailing ammunition sales, type and quantity of ammunition purchased, and identification of the buyer. The city's only gun shop has threatened to close rather than subject their customers to surveillance. "I won't put my customers through that. It's an invasion of their privacy," Steven Alcairo said. , manager of the High Bridge Arms store said.

Ready, set, drone: Wal-Mart joins Amazon, Google in testing delivery drones

Wal-Mart has applied to US regulators for permission to test drones for home delivery and curbside pickup.

Walgreens to buy Rite Aid for $9.4 billion

A merger of the drugstore chains would be the latest example of consolidation throughout the health care industry. Rite Aid had a market value of about $6.4 billion before news reports of merger talks with Walgreens.

Amazon faces lawsuit over whether delivery workers are employees

Amazon.com Inc., which has quickly built a network of on-demand workers for its one-hour delivery service, now faces a lawsuit over how those workers are treated.

  • Daily Press Review

Turkey sacks Ankara police chief after suicide bombings
Al Jazeera, Doha, Qatar

MPs approve Osborne's budget rules
BBC News, Centrist newscaster, London, England

Israeli-Palestinian violence: What you need to know
CNN International, London, England

Heidi Klum is 'mom and a dad at the same time' since her split from Seal in 2012
Daily Mail, Conservative daily, London, England

Denmark's Princess Marie denies boob job after Her & Nu magazine claimed she had one
Daily Mail, Conservative daily, London, England

Tense times in Jerusalem
EuroNews, International news, Ecully Cedex, France

Israel seals off East Jerusalem after 'Day of Rage' attacks
France 24, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France

Sanat to present a rich program in its new season
Hurriyet Daily News, (Liberal, English-language), Istanbul, Turkey

'Blood moon' prompts Mormon announcement: This is NOT the end of the world
Independent The, London, England

Pompeii's pilferers punished with a curse from the gods
Telegraph The, Conservative daily, London, England

The Apprentice 2015: episode 1, live
Telegraph The, Celebrity news, London, England

Hung ouster in motion, Chu calls for party unity
China Post, English-language daily, Taipei, Taiwan

Up to 10 Million People Made Sick by Their Phones
Chosun Ilbo, Conservative daily, Seoul, South Korea

Pope Francis makes historic first US visit
Hindustan Times, New Delhi, India

Minister vows to return donations from firms involved in bid-rigging
Japan Times, Independent centrist, Tokyo, Japan

Financial services startup Square files for $275M IPO
New Zealand Herald, Conservative daily, Auckland, New Zealand

Ukraine President cancels trip over protests in eastern Ukraine
Straits Times, Pro-government, Singapore

Beat the post holiday blues
Sydney Morning Herald, Centrist daily, Sydney, Australia

Nike says expects revenue of $50 bn by 2020
The Economic Times, Business, Mumbai, India

It's official ó the 1% finally own 50% of everything
Canadian Broadcasting Centre, Toronto, Ontario

New York teen dies after beating at church during 'counselling'
Globe and Mail The, Centrist daily, Toronto, Canada

Liberty Reserve Brought Down By 'Joe Bogus': How The Feds Arrested Arthur Budovsky
International Business Times, Business news organization, New York, U.S

Wall St declines as Wal-Mart's weak forecast drags on retailers
Reuters, Business News, New York, U.S

Malaysia's embattled PM facing stern test as parliament returns
Reuters, World News, New York, U.S

Blue Jays cut lead to 2-1 against Rangers in Game 5
Toronto Star, Toronto, Ontario

US troops to help fight Boko Haram
BBC News, Centrist newscaster, London, England

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