June 13, 2016 nº 1,754 - Vol. 13

"The final forming of a person's character lies in their own hands."

Anne Frank

Read Migalhas LatinoAmérica in Spanish every Tuesday and Thursday. Visit the website at www.migalhas.com/latinoamerica


Get Migalhas International on your mobile

You can now read the newsletter on your mobile device, through the migalhas.com/mobile website. The content of the main sections is the same as that found on the newsletter, but optimized for small-screen displays on mobile devices. Migalhas International Mobile, advancing legal news.

  • Top News

CIA chief Brennan: Secret US report on 9/11 'will absolve Saudi'

The probable publication of classified parts of a 2002 congressional report into the 9/11 attacks will clear Saudi Arabia of any responsibility, CIA chief John Brennan has said. "The 9/11 commission looked very thoroughly at these allegations of Saudi involvement... their conclusion was that there was no evidence to indicate that the Saudi government as an institution or senior Saudi officials individually had supported the 9/11 attacks," he said. Keeping 28 pages of the report secret has sparked speculation that the attack had received official Saudi support. The classified pages are also central to a dispute over whether the families of 9/11 victims should be able to sue the Saudi government. Saudi Arabia denies any involvement. Fifteen out of the 19 hijackers in 2001 were Saudi citizens. Former senator Bob Graham, who headed the Senate intelligence committee that compiled the classified report in 2002, has said that Saudi officials did provide assistance to the 9/11 hijackers.

  • Crumbs

1 - SEC Issues $17 Million Whistleblower Award - click here.

2 - Gay men challenge Tennessee counseling law - click here.


100% Migalhas: www.migalhas.com


  • MiMIC Journal

IMF urges China to tackle debt

The International Monetary Fund is urging China to tackle rising corporate debt or risk what it calls "dangerous detours" as it attempts to rebalance the economy.

US college entrance test halted in South Korea and Hong Kong

An examination for students in South Korea and Hong Kong hoping to study at US colleges has been cancelled after "credible evidence" emerged that it had been leaked in advance. Administrators of the ACT test took the decision just hours before some 5,500 students were due to sit it. The ACT is one of two entrance exams available to international and domestic students wanting to go to a US college. This is not the first cheating scandal to hit the tests in East Asia.

German Chancellor calls on China to uphold rule of law

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and the German chancellor agreed to communicate about potential issues once a controversial law banning non-governmental organizations (NGO) from financing or engaging "political activities.


Tell your friends and colleagues you’ve read it in Migalhas International


  • Brief News

UN group condemns child labor in supply chains

The UN International Labour Organization (ILO) on Sunday released a statement calling for the world to end child labor in supply chains such as agriculture, mining and manufacturing. The statement was made on the annual World Day against Child Labour, and ILO Director-General Guy Ryder cited 168 million children in child labor, 85 million of whom are in hazardous work. Ryder also stated that rural and informal economies are usually the largest contributors due to the lack of institutional regulation and the prevalence of small family enterprises such as family-run farms. Ryder also detailed three legislative focuses that would help eliminate child labor. "Governments are recognizing that the fight against child labour requires coherent policy packages to back child labour legislation: quality education, social protection and decent jobs for parents," Ryder stated. Overall, Ryder is confident that local, national and global trends are pushing towards the elimination of child labor.

Oregon court recognizes 'non-binary' as legal gender

A judge from Multnomah County Circuit Court in Oregon ruled on Friday that an individual's gender could be legally changed from female to non-binary. This ruling legally recognizing a third gender option is the first of its kind in the United States.

Venice Commission: Poland surveillance powers reach too far

In an opinion issued on Friday, the Venice Commission announced that it believes Poland's current surveillance powers are too broad and need to be checked. The opinion focuses on sections 19 and 20c of the Police Act, dealing with "classical" surveillance and the collection of metadata respectively. The Commission believes that certain metadata, such as web-logs, are so extremely sensitive that judicial authorization should be required to obtain them. For other, less sensitive metadata, the commission suggested creating a independent oversight body to monitor the specific metadata operations, as opposed to the current, inefficient "generalized reporting" which is required every six months. The Commission also called for the prevention of surveillance violating lawyer-client communications, limiting the duration of metadata monitoring, and requiring police to keep formal records so as to aid in the future monitoring operations.

Eleven German MPs under police protection in 'genocide' row

Eleven German MPs of Turkish origin have been put under police protection. They received death threats after supporting a move to describe the 1915 massacre of Armenians by Ottoman Turks as genocide. Germany's foreign ministry has warned MPs of Turkish origin against travelling to Turkey, saying their security there could not be guaranteed. The German parliament's move outraged the Turkish government, which does not recognize the killings as genocide.

Italian paper criticised for Mein Kampf giveaway

Italian newspaper II Giornale has come under fire for offering free annotated copies of Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf with one of its supplements. Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi described the decision as "squalid" while others criticized the paper for using the book to increase sales. The paper argued the move would educate readers about the evils of Nazism.

Walmart Canada to stop accepting Visa

Retailer Walmart Canada will no longer accept Visa cards after it failed to agree a deal with the credit card firm. Fees applied to Visa card purchases "remain unacceptably high." Visa accused Walmart of putting its own financial interests ahead of its customers. "Walmart made this business decision despite Visa offering one of the lowest rates available to any merchant in the country," a spokesperson said. The supermarket chain said it paid more than $100m in credit card fees each year - but did not break that down for the specific companies. All credit cards charge fees to retailers - generally between 1% and 2.5% of the sale cost. Visa and Mastercard usually charge variable fees according to the type of card used, while American Express generally charges a flat fee.

South African mobile phone firm MTN to pay $1.7bn Nigeria fine

South African mobile-phone giant MTN has agreed to pay $1.7bn to Nigeria over failing to disconnect unregistered Sim cards. The firm was originally fined a record $5.2bn by the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) but the two sides have settled on a lower amount. The fine was imposed amid fears that militants were using the phone lines.

US House approves bill to address Puerto Rico financial crisis

Members of the US House of Representatives approved bi-partisan legislation to relieve financial pressure on Puerto Rico on Thursday. The statute, entitled the Puerto Rico Oversight, Management and Economic Stability Act of 2016 (PROMESA), creates a financial oversight board and will restructure a portion of Puerto Rico's $70 billion debt. Deemed as an unfortunate, but necessary consequence to rescuing the territory from its financial crisis, the minimum wage for young workers has been reduced as well.

Kalief's law to reform New York pretrial detention

The New York State Assembly passed a law last week called Kalief's Law in an attempt to reform New York's speedy trial provision in order to make sure that people are not held in pretrial detention longer than necessary.

New law allows breaking car windows to save children, dogs

Whether it's a baby or beagle stuck in a hot car, as long as every door is locked and police have been called, Ohioans can break that car window without fear of being sued for the damage or charged criminally. The bill becomes law 90 days from the day he signed it. The new law "grants a person immunity from civil liability for any damage resulting from the forcible entry of a motor vehicle for the purpose of removing a minor or an animal from the vehicle because the minor or the animal is in imminent danger of suffering harm."

  • Weekly Magazine Review

Muhammad Ali: the Life of the Greatest

Orlando Gay Club 'Terrorism Incident'

Business Week
Global Tech

The Economist
Education: How to make a good teacher

Der Spiegel
Please don’t go! Bitte geht nicht!

Renzino: Renzi ha un problema nelle periferie


How are we doing?

We would like to hear from you how we perform. What you like and what we should change or add… Send us an email; we aim to please!

Tell your friends and associates…

to subscribe to Migalhas International! www.migalhas.com

Express yourself

Want to share your opinion, your experience, your questions? You are welcome to do so. This forum is yours. Please contact the editor: michael@migalhas.com


We welcome information about your events or conferences to come. Please contact the editor.


Become a sponsor. Spread your name in the business and legal spheres around the world in Migalhas International.


To subscribe:Register your name and your address at http://www.migalhas.com

To unsubscribe:Send your name and e-mail address to in the subject line.We will remove your name soonest.

Address changes:If you want to continue to receive Migalhas International, please make sure we have your current e-mail address.


Michael Ghilissen, editor: michael@migalhas.com

Miguel Matos, publisher: miguel@migalhas.com.br

Please feel free to send your comments, questions and suggestions to the editor.

Your comments

We always welcome information, articles, testimonials, opinions and comments about something you've read in Migalhas International. Please forward your contributions to the editor.


When you add your name to Migalhas International, you can be sure that it's confidential. We do not share, trade, rent or sell this list.Our "privacy policy" contains no fine print.No one gets our list. Period.Your e-mail address is safe with us.

Sharing Migalhas International

If you'd like to share this Migalhas International with friends and colleagues, feel free to forward this issue including the copyright notice.Or, invite them to subscribe so they receive their own Migalhas International every week.


The content of the Migalhas International newsletter is edited for purposes of news reporting, comments and education from several sources, including: The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Boston Globe, The London Times, Le Monde, Frankfurter Allgemeine, The Financial Times, Radio Netherlands Worldwide, Google News, International Herald Tribune, Paper Chase (jurist.law.pitt.edu), The World Press Review: http://www.worldpress.org, Forbes, Fortune, Time, Newsweek, Harvard Business Review, American Bar Association, American Lawyer Media, FindLaw.com, The National Law Journal, Reuters, Associated Press, Internet Business Law Services, Folha de S. Paulo, O Estado do S. Paulo, Lexis Nexis, West Law, CNN, The Globe and Mail, The Los Angeles Times, Wikipedia and more.

Fair use notice

This newsletter contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of legal, environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material in this newsletter is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.

The messages that appear in this newsletter are for informational purposes only. They are not intended to be and should not be considered legal advice nor substitute for obtaining legal advice from competent, independent, legal counsel in the relevant jurisdiction.

Transmission of this information is not intended to create, and receipt does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship. The information contained on this list may or may not reflect the most current legal developments.


Copyright 2016 - Migalhas International