June 22, 2016 nº 1,757 - Vol. 13
 

"No good deed goes unpunished."

Billy Wilder

Read Migalhas LatinoAmérica in Spanish every Tuesday and Thursday. Visit the website at www.migalhas.com/latinoamerica

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  • Top News

Supreme Court upholds patent review procedure

The US Supreme Court upheld several provisions of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA) on Monday. In Cuozzo Speed Technologies v. Lee the court heard arguments on whether the Patent Trial and Appeal Board decisions in challenges are under judicial review and whether the Board may construe claims in a challenged patent to their broadest reasonable interpretation rather than its plain and ordinary meaning. In a unanimous decision the court upheld the ruling by the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit in favor of the US Patent and Trademark Office.

Supreme Court rules for tobacco company in racketeering case

The US Supreme Court ruled 4-3 Monday in RJR Nabisco, Inc. v. The European Community for RJ Reynolds in a challenge by EU countries accusing the company of a money laundering scheme. The EC and 26 of its member states brought this suit claiming that Russian and Colombian organized crime rings smuggled drugs into Europe, then laundered the profits into a scheme that included the sale of RJR Nabisco cigarettes. The court found that the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) does not apply extraterritorially. Justice Samuel Alito delivered the opinion of the court, while Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg filed an opinion concurring in part but dissenting from the judgment, joined by Justices Stephen Breyer and Elena Kagan. Breyer also filed an opinion concurring in part and dissenting from the judgment. Justice Sonia Sotomayor took no part in the case.

  • Crumbs

1 - Appeal court to hear first 'guilty by association' test cases - click here.

2 - Copyright Claims Against ‘Star Trek’ Fan Film Kling On - click here.

3 - Brazil’s Kroton ups offer in Estacio bidding war - click here.

4 - Supreme Court allows use of evidence after unlawful stop - click here.

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  • MiMIC Journal

China rights lawyer goes on trial

According to a colleague familiar with the case, prominent Chinese civil rights lawyer Xia Lin was put on trial for fraud on Friday during a "far-reaching crackdown on political dissent." Xia had been detained in 2014 by Beijing police and later charged with Fraud. He is believed to have been defending human rights activist Guo Yushuan before this detainment. While not much is known at the moment, as journalists were barred entry to the court, it is believed this case is the most recent in a string of attempts by President Xi Jinping's administration to crackdown on political opposition and activists.

China builds world's most powerful computer

A new supercomputer from China has topped the latest list of the world's most powerful machines. The 93 petaflop Sunway TaihuLight is installed at the National Supercomputing Centre in Wuxi. At its peak, the computer can perform around 93,000 trillion calculations per second. It is twice as fast and three times as efficient as the previous leader Tianhe-2, also from China.

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  • Historia Verdadera

Litio

Y-TEC, la empresa de tecnología creada por la petrolera estatal argentina YPF y el Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas invertirá US$ 60 mlls. para instalar en el país la primera fábrica de celdas de ion-litio. La compañía ya desarrolló su modelo de negocios, que estará orientado a abastecer a los mercados de almacenamiento de energía y movilidad para vehículos eléctricos y dispositivos móviles.

Extranjeros

La Cámara de Diputados de Brasil aprobó el martes poner fin a los límites de capitales extranjeros sobre aerolíneas locales, cambiando un decreto presidencial, y de ese modo tendieron una mano a las compañías que luchan con el impacto de una recesión. La enmienda permite que las firmas externas sean dueñas de la totalidad de las aerolíneas. La disposición será sometida ahora al análisis del Senado Federal, el cual tendría que votarla antes del 29/6, cuando comienza el receso estival del Parlamento.

Money

Western Union Company, líder en transferencia de dinero, amplió su alcance en México al permitir el envío de dinero directamente desde Estados Unidos a casi todas las cuentas bancarias en el país vecino. En un comunicado, informó que aumentó la cantidad de agentes de Western Union en México a casi 13,600, luego de añadir 3,200 ubicaciones en el 2015, dando a los clientes más opciones para retirar el efectivo enviado en zonas urbanas, rurales y remotas.

  • Brief News

US Senate rejects terror list gun sale restrictions

The US Senate has rejected plans to tighten gun controls, including the restriction of weapons sales to people on terrorism watch lists. Four proposals were brought before the Senate after 49 people died in an attack on a gay nightclub in Florida. But Democratic and Republican senators voted along party lines, blocking each other's bills. Senators strongly disagreed about how to prevent more attacks happening in future. Republican Senator John Cornyn said: "Our colleagues want to make this about gun control when what we should be making this about is the fight to eliminate the Islamic extremism that is the root cause for what happened in Orlando. "My colleagues in many ways want to treat the symptoms without fighting the disease."

Supreme Court declines to rule on assault weapons bans

The US Supreme Court on Monday denied certiorari in two separate cases challenging bans on assault-style weapons. The court denied the appeals without comment, letting stand lower court rulings that had upheld the bans as constitutional. The cases were Shew v. Malloy, concerning Connecticut's ban, and and Kampfer v. Cuomo, dealing with New York's ban. The Supreme Court has not taken a Second Amendment case since the 2008 decision in District of Columbia v. Heller and the 2010 follow-up decision in McDonald v. Chicago. (Click here)

Evidence found in illegal stops backed by justices, but brings fiery dissent

The US Supreme Court ruled Monday that courts need not suppress evidence of a crime, even if it was obtained through an illegal stop. The Supreme Court long has held that when police illegally stop or search someone without, at minimum, reasonable suspicion, any incriminating evidence that is found cannot be used in court. There are, however, exceptions to this rule — and on Monday the court carved out a new and big one, giving police far broader authority to search people who are stopped for no reason. Justice Sotomayor says that disproportionately hits the poor.

UN rights chief: Myanmar abuses may amount to crimes against humanity

Human rights abuses against the Rohingya in Myanmar may amount to crimes against humanity, according to a report released Monday by the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). The report documents abuses against minorities that include "arbitrary deprivation of nationality, severe restriction on freedom of movement, threats to life and security, denial of rights to health and education, forced labour, sexual violence, and limitations to ... political rights, among other violations".

Drone industry delight at new US rules

The rules regarding flying drones in the United States have been greatly relaxed, paving the way for thousands of businesses to fly legally in the country's airspace. The regulations state that commercial drones can be flown as long as the pilot is over the age of 16, has the drone in his or her line of sight, and does not elevate to over 400 feet above ground level. Daylight and twilight flying will be allowed only if the drone has lights that can be seen more than three miles away. Existing Federal Aviation Authority (FAA) rules had meant commercial operators needed a pilot's license in order to fly even small drones - a stipulation industry advocates said was unnecessarily restrictive. In addition to the license, commercial drone operators had to apply to the FAA on a case-by-case basis to gain permission. The changes have been enthusiastically welcomed by the drone industry, but others have concerns over how the rules will be enforced.

Even a small meal for a doctor can tip the balance for a brand-name drug

Evidence is mounting that doctors who receive as little as one meal from a drug company tend to prescribe more expensive, brand-name medications for common ailments than those who don't. The researchers did not determine whether there was a cause-and-effect relationship between payments and prescribing, a far more difficult proposition, but their study adds to a growing pile of research documenting a link between the two.

Why one democratic Congresswoman wants to drug-test the rich

The richest Americans take heavy advantage of the tax code's many deductions. So Rep. Gwen Moore has an idea: She wants rich Americans to get drug-tested before they can get those tax benefits. She is pushing this narrative that poor people are drug addicts. The bill is unlikely to go anywhere in the GOP-controlled House, but it seems more designed to troll Republicans anyway.

94-year-old former Auschwitz guard found guilty of complicity in 170,000 murders

A German court sentenced 94-year-old Reinhold Hanning to five years in prison for being an accessory to the murder of 170,000 people between January 1942 and June 1944, when he served as an SS guard at the Auschwitz death camp in Nazi-occupied Poland.

Paris police ban protest versus labor law set for Thursday

Paris police have banned a union-organized march called for Thursday in Paris to demonstrate against proposed labor law reform after previous protests degenerated into violence. An interior ministry proposal for a static demonstration, which would have needed less manpower to police was refused by unions. Police are already stretched by the Euro 2016 soccer tournament in France and the threat of terrorism.

Hedge funds Sue Puerto Rico in N.Y. over fiscal crisis law

Puerto Rico was sued in New York by a group of hedge funds claiming it’s illegally using an emergency fiscal-crisis law to dodge payments on $3.5 billion in bonds that are supposed to be guaranteed by the island’s constitution. The Emergency Moratorium and Financial Rehabilitation Act, signed into law in April just 48 hours after being presented to Puerto Rico’s legislature, can’t be applied to the general-obligation bonds at the center of the case, the group said in a complaint filed Tuesday in Manhattan federal court. Governor Alejandro Garcia Padilla “has flouted centuries-old federal constitutional protections for contract and property rights,” Mark Stancil, an attorney for the bondholders, said.

VW sued in Germany by pension fund over emissions scandal losses

Volkswagen AG was sued by the California State Teachers’ Retirement System in the latest lawsuit to emerge from the emissions cheating scandal that wiped more than $20 billion from the carmaker’s market value. The lawsuit was filed in Braunschweig District Court Monday on behalf of the fund and other institutional investors in VW. Damages could rise to as high as 700 million euros ($792 million) if other investors agree to join the group action.

Goodbye, password. Banks opt to scan fingers and faces instead.

Frustrated by thieves stealing personal data from millions of customers, banks are investing in biometric technology to offer better security.

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